The Background Of Hair Transplantation

Hair Loss

Hair loss occurs in some form in almost 80% of men and in approximately 30% of women in the world.

Balding is a major concern for most people, and surgery to treat hair loss is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries performed on men today. However, the market for hair transplantation is small in comparison to the immense market for hair restoration products. Two of the most effective products are minoxidil, also known by the brand name Rogaine, and finasteride, a prescription medication that goes by the brand name Propecia or Proscar.

The interest in hair transplantation will increase as people realize that most modern hair-transplantation techniques can create virtually undetectable hair restoration. For most patients dealing with hair loss, hair transplantation remains the treatment of choice for hair restoration.

The Background of Hair Transplantation

Hair Transplantation

One of the most rapidly growing areas of hair transplantation is female hair transplants. Surgical hair restoration has traditionally been tailored towards male pattern baldness. However, the latest techniques are becoming more adaptable for female pattern baldness.

Hair transplantation can be used to treat various forms and levels of permanent hair loss in both men and women. Intact hair follicles are harvested from within the safe donor area of a patient’s scalp using either follicular unit transplantation (strip method) or follicular unit extraction (FUE). The refinement of FUE over the last decade has led to greatly improved hair survival rates and natural-looking results.

For millions of people from all over the world, hair loss can be a major problem associated with low self-esteem, insecurity, and even depression and anxiety. Hair loss can range from a thinning or receding hairline to a complete loss of hair on the top of the head.

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The Background of Hair Transplantation

Hair Miniaturization

A full head of hair for a Caucasian male may contain approximately 100,000 hairs. For thinning to become fairly noticeable, at least 50% of the hairs will have already fallen out. In addition to the loss of hairs, the hair loss process will cause your hair to thin. This process is called hair miniaturization.

The Norwood Scale ranks the typical sequence of the hair loss process in male pattern baldness. Early in the process (stages 1 to 3) the hairline recedes, typically led by recession in the temporal area. In the more advanced stages (stages 4 to 7), hair loss at the crown will gradually meet and join the recession in the hairline.

For women, the development of androgenic alopecia is most commonly ranked using the Savin Scale. The typical pattern of hair loss for women is diffuse thinning in an oval area along the top of the scalp. The hair loss starts in the middle or the part of the hair and spreads out towards the ears.

The future of hair restoration is looking to be a very exciting time, based mostly on the scientific advances in this industry. Gene therapy is showing promising results and may have future uses for hair loss treatments. The genes that cause hair loss can potentially be located and replaced with genetic sequences that are not associated with alopecia.

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